Named after the Russian Czar Alexander I, who visited the capital of Prussia in 1805, "Alex" became a traffic hub when a train station was established there in 1882.
Alexanderplatz took on its present form in the 1960’s after being ravaged in World War II. After the war it became the center of East-Berlin and used as a showcase of socialist architecture. This resulted in some unattractive buildings like the former Centrum department store and the Berliner Fernsehturm (TV Tower). In 1969 two more monuments were added to the square, the Weltzeituhr (World Time Clock) by Erich John and the Fountain of International Friendship.
The Fountain of International Friendship is a circular fountain; at its center is a modern structure that consists of a series of basins along which water flows down.
The square was known to be one of the least attractive from an architectural point of view, so the city of Berlin commissioned an architectural competition which was won by Hans Kohlhoff (one of the architects who designed Potsdamer Platz). The plan resulted in a complete redevelopment of the square, as well as the renovation and reconstruction of surrounding buildings.
If you look up, socialist art adorns a number of the buildings surrounding the square, created by artist Walter Womacka.
Tours & Tickets
Spend a full day sightseeing around Berlin and Potsdam with your own private guide. First, visit top Berlin attractions such as the Berlin Wall, ... Read more
Duration: 9 hours (approx.)
When you’ve got a trip planned to Berlin, discover the city and its gorgeous surroundings on this Super Saver that includes a city bike tour and a Potsdam day ... Read more
Duration: 2 days (approx.)
Capture 360-degree views of Berlin from the observation platform of the TV Tower, and then explore the city by Segway on this private half-day tour with an ... Read more
Duration: 4 hours (approx.)
Explore modern Berlin by beach cruiser on a half-day bike tour with a local guide. Pedal easily along Berlin’s bike-friendly paths and less-traveled roads, ... Read more
Duration: 4 hours 30 minutes (approx.)