Splendid Chichén Itzá (600AD–1000AD), one of the Seven Wonders of the World, is quite rightly the most famous of Mexico’s pre-Columbian cities. Just two hours from Cancun, the awe-inspiring Classical Mayan masterpiece is a must on any Yucatan itinerary. Many travelers have also heard of stunning Tulum (1200–1450AD), a Mayan resort town right on the white Caribbean beaches, famed for the lovely freshwater cenotes nearby.
Archaeologically inclined visitors should remember, however, that this jungled peninsula was once the heartland of the mighty Mayan Empire, which built many other fantastic cities. Some are partially excavated and open to the public, but little visited by travelers.