The earliest settlers were Christian exiles in Roman times and they carved churches into the rock, along with houses and tombs. In the Middle Ages Göreme became an important religious center with monasteries, churches and chapels; many of which have impressive Byzantine religious wall paintings. Some of the most important are Basil Kilise (St Basil’s Church), Elmali Kilise (Apple Church), and the richly decorated Tokali Kilise (Buckle Church), which is the oldest. The best-preserved and recently restored frescoes can be found in the Karanlık Kilise (Dark Church).
The town of Göreme itself is the center of this UNESCO World Heritage site and only a 15 minute walk from the Göreme Open Air Museum (1 mile/1.5 km), which is open every day but it’s wise to go early during summer months, before the heat hits. Some people in Göreme still live in cave houses and many have been turned into hotels.
Tours & Tickets
Small-Group Cappadocia Tour Including Ozkonak Underground City, Uchisar and Open Air Museum in Goreme
Discover Cappadocia's fascinating natural and archeological wonders on this full-day tour. See amazing volcanic structures in Devrent Valley and Pasabag (Monks ... Read more
Duration: 8 hours (approx.)
Cappadocia In One Day Small-Group Tour from Istanbul: Devrent Valley, Ozkonak, Pasabag, Avanos and Goreme Open-Air Museum
Behold the spectacular rock formations and cave churches of Turkey’s Cappadocia region on this full-day sightseeing trip from Istanbul, including round-trip ... Read more
Duration: 12 hours (approx.)