Whether you're a writer, artist, historian, filmmaker, or crazy bespectacled inventor, Scotland's medieval capital has relentless waves of creativity flowing down every cobblestone alley. Sherlock Holmes, Jekyll and Hyde, anaesthetics and penicillin -- even decimal points originated there. The city is not only home to the biggest international arts festival (The Fringe) but is also one of the most haunted places on the planet (seriously) and has a thousand years of war, torture, bagpipes, and legends in the form of Edinburgh Castle, which is right down the street from the first Presbyterian Church in the world. Edinburgh is big enough to find fun things to do but small enough to walk around and explore on foot. Just a few minutes outside of town brings fresh countryside, highland coos, and the best cure for a cold you'll ever find in a shot glass. Note: there's no "e" in Whisky if it's Scottish -- and it's not called Scotch, either!