The historic center of Florence is compact so it’s easy to move between the main attractions on foot quite quickly. The railway station is also close in to the center, only about ten minutes walk from the Duomo which is the heart of the city.
Here are the top attractions you should try and work into your one-day itinerary.
You can’t come to Florence without buying a little something and this market is lively and full of bargains, especially leathergoods and souvenirs. It’s located near the Medici Chapel, which houses two of Michelangelo’s masterpieces: the Medici tombs. If leather isn’t that important, then maybe this is something you can skip. Remember there’s amazing jewelry you can also take home as a souvenir.
Brunellesci’s famous dome rises majestically over the city and together with the nearby Giotto’s Campanile and the Baptistry (and its famous doors), it’s a must see. You’ll probably find yourself passing it a few times during the day. There may be a bit of a line to get inside, but once you get through the doors, you can admire and run to the next location, so do this first if you like churches.