Castillo de Gibralfaro
Built in the early 10th century by Abd-al-Rahman III, this Malagan icon is situated on a hill which begins part of the Montes de Malaga mountain range. Another Muslim king, Yusef the First (also known as the Sultan of Granada) enlarged the castle at the beginning of the 14th century and added the double wall down to the Alcazaba that you see today.
The castle is famous for its prominence in the landscape, but also for its history. Catholic monarchs Ferdinand and Isabella once levied a 3-month siege on the Castillo de Gibralfaro. This notable battle was the first time gunpowder was used on both fighting sides in all of recorded Western history. For these reasons, and due to national admiration and pride, the Castillo de Gibralfaro is well known throughout Andalucia as a symbol in both the Malaga city and province’s seal and flag.
Remember that the Castillo de Gibralfaro sits atop a hill. The whole route takes approximately 20 minutes to walk down, so a shuttle bus runs wary passengers to the top. Look for it outside the front gate of the enveloping Alcazaba. Admittance is 2 Euro. As with most museums in Spain, it is closed on Mondays.