The bus tour guide was excellent and very personable. The Sienna tour guide was very difficult to understand, and eventually, we just stopped trying. Other than that, a great tour.
Extremely knowledgeable tour guide, and very able. Well worth the expense and thoroughly enjoyed.
The tour guide asked me (Art not Anne) what accomplishments were done in the US between 1865 and 1900. Perhaps you can relay this to him:
1: Art - not much
2: Philosophy: Henry David Thoreau and Walt Whitman
3. Poetry: Walt Whitman, Longfellow, Edgar Allan Poe
4. Literature: Mark Twain, Edgar Allan Poe
b. Light bulb
c. Electrical distribution (hydrodynamic dams)
d. Phonograph (became records in the 1920's)
e. Motion Pictures
f. "Skyscrapers", first buildings with structural steel girders
g. Transcontinental railway (3,100km), only the trans-siberian railway was longer (1915)
h. Development of better steam/diesel locomotives.
6. Immigration of East Europeans circa 1890 led to ... in the 20th Century
a. Tin-pan alley (popular music distribution, 1915)
b. Motion Picture Studios (MGM, Universal, ...)
c. Television (RCA - Sarnoff circa 1926)
d. Popular and Classical Music (Ira and George Gershwin, Irving Berlin, ...)
This list is what I remember of history. It is not complete or comprehensive. But to the point of the discussion:
1: Galileo's persecution led to the stifling of both Physics and Mathematics (at that time the handmaiden of Physics). Even the Church's statement that, indeed, the Earth traveled around the Sun in the early 1800's did not reverse the absence of these arts.
2: The Age of Enlightenment/Age of Reason just bypassed Italy. No doubt because of the Imprimatur and its affects. This hampered philosophical thought.
3. Burning Giordano Bruno in 1600 stifled speculative thought.
But, since it was mentioned that an understanding of this period of Italian History would lead to an understanding of Italian accomplishments, please send me a reference so that I can read and enjoy what accomplishments there were (outside of art).
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