Insider's Guide to Cappadocia

Major attractions, tips and our top things to see and do.

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  • Location:Cappadocia, Turkey
  • Duration:8 hours (approx.)

Southern Cappadocia Tour: Cavusin, Red Valley, Kaymakli Underground City and Pigeon Valley

Witness the best of beautiful south Cappadocia on this scenic full-day trip from the central Cappadocia region. With an informative guide, explore the subterranean network of Kaymakli Underground City, admire the multicolored Red Valley, and marvel at the deserted rock-cut village of old Çavuşin. Gaze over the cliff-carved birdhouses of Pigeon Valley, and watch and try your hand at pottery-making at a traditional workshop in the town of Avanos. Savor lunch at a local restaurant, and as you explore, learn all about the remarkable geology and history of the region.


  • Full-day guided tour of southern Cappadocia including lunch
  • Walk in the beautiful Red Valley and visit its hidden cave churches
  • See the abandoned rock houses of old Çavuşin village
  • Explore Kaymakli Underground City and view the dovecotes of Pigeon Valley
  • Visit Avanos, a traditional village known for its pottery making
  • Watch potters at work and try making your own earthenware masterpiece
  • Enjoy a pickup and drop-off from your Göreme or Ürgüp hotel

What You Can Expect

Southern Cappadocia Tour: Cavusin, Red Valley, Kaymakli Underground City and Pigeon Valley

See Pigeon Valley on this full-day southern Cappadocia tour

Board your air-conditioned coach at your Ürgüp or Göreme hotel, and journey to south Cappadocia, an area famous for its moon-like rock formations, fairy chimneys and ancient subterranean settlements.

Along the way, hear about the region’s geology and get a taster of some of the sights ahead. Then, make your first stop at Pigeon Valley, a beautiful gulley where thousands of pigeon houses have been hewn into the rocks and cliffs. 

Take snaps of the dovecotes as your guide explains how through the centuries, local farmers kept pigeons to use their droppings as a crop fertilizer. 

Next, drive on to the Red Valley, a stunning area of red- and multicolored rock cones, peaks and cliffs. Trace the trails accompanied by your guide, and absorb views of the caves, vineyards and orchards. As you look around, peek into some of the hidden rock churches that litter the area and learn how they were used by Christians through the ages.

Travel on to Kaymakli Underground City, one of the best preserved of its kind in Cappadocia. Head underground and delve into its hand-cut rock passages and rooms as you discover how long-ago Christians used them as hideaways to escape persecution.

Continue to ‘old’ Çavuşin, a deserted village cut into a hillside. Marvel at the desolate rock houses, caves and shelters and hear about the people who once called them home, and why they left. 

During your explorations, break for lunch at a local restaurant and visit Avanos, a town famous for its pretty pottery and craft industries. Visit a workshop to see the potters in action and have a go at making your own pottery masterpiece. As you watch and work, learn about the local clay-working techniques that have been passed down through generations of potters.

Your tour then ends with a hotel drop-off.
From USD $ 44.68

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Tour code: 5739SOUTHCAP


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