The discovery of paper, between legend and realityThe material originally used for the production of paper was mulberry which was replaced later on by treated bamboo. Even later materials such as linen, hemp and rags were used to produce paper. Some papermakers had their own procedures, their formulas and their secrets. Not only papermakers contributed to general knowledge of the art of papermaking, there were also literates, writers, copiers and the public that made their own paper. In fact the process was divulged with simple tools to realise. In practice the procedure remained completely equal to the original Chinese one. The first steps in the process to “industrialise” the production can be attributed to the Italians. Many exclusively manual operations became mechanical or with aid of already existing equipment in advantage of the production and the costs.