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Things to do in Cappadocia

Things to do in  Cappadocia

Welcome to Cappadocia

Located in the Central Anatolia region of Turkey, Cappadocia is a destination like no other. In Göreme, ancient volcanic rock formations known as fairy chimneys grace the moon-like landscape. Hundreds of hot-air balloons take flight daily, allowing visitors to admire this otherworldly panorama from about 1,000 feet (305 meters). For an unforgettable experience, book a hot-air balloon ride at sunrise that includes a Champagne brunch upon landing. For more incredible views, head to the Ihlara Valley, which is home to a massive canyon along with some of the region's best hikes. In addition to its uncommon landscape, Cappadocia also offers fascinating history and culture that are best appreciated on guided tours of the region. Explore the ancient cave churches—used by monks at the end of the first millennium—that dot Rose Valley, then wander through the deserted rock village of Old Çavuşin, which rests silently nearby. A visit to Ortahisar, where an imposing Byzantine castle towers over the town, completes your tour of cave buildings. Many visitors will want to tour the Kaymakli or Derinkuyu underground city networks, which once provided shelter for religious refugees. For those who love to shop, the riverside town of Avanos is famed for its earthenware pottery, a historic trade that continues to thrive among the cobbled streets of the old town.

Top 10 attractions in Cappadocia

#1
Pigeon Valley (Güvercinlik Vadisi)

Pigeon Valley (Güvercinlik Vadisi)

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Cappadocia’s wind-sculpted volcanic tufa has created an impressive series of valleys, dotted with towering “fairy chimneys” and dramatic rock formations. Taking its name from the pigeonholes carved into the tops of its fairy chimneys, Pigeon Valley (Güvercinlik Vadisi) is stunning, and visitors to Cappadocia shouldn’t miss it.More
#2
Fairy Chimneys

Fairy Chimneys

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Cappadocia’s lunar-like landscapes draw admirers from around the world. And its “fairy chimneys,” soaring rock pinnacles topped with lids like mushroom caps, are at the region’s heart. See them from one of the popular sunrise balloon flights, but they’re equally impressive up close, as they're used as homes, hotels, and ancient churches.More
#3
Uchisar Castle (Uchisar Kalesi)

Uchisar Castle (Uchisar Kalesi)

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Uchisar Castle (Uçhisar Kalesi) is Cappadocia’s tallest fairy chimney, Mother Nature’s castle in the form of a volcanic rock outcrop visible from miles in any direction. While not a castle by the standard definition the outcrop was used during the late Byzantine and early Ottoman periods as a natural fortress for protection against armies on the surrounding plains. Erosion has revealed a honeycomb-like structure of cavities within the rock, many of which were used as natural dwellings until the makeshift village was evacuated during the 1960s.A climb up 120 steps leads to the summit of Uchisar Castle — a perfect vantage point for watching a sunset over the stunning Cappadocian landscape.More
#4
Devrent Valley (Devrent Vadisi)

Devrent Valley (Devrent Vadisi)

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Cappadocia is already well known for its unusual rock formations, but at Devrent Valley—nicknamed Imagination Valley—these large stones are the densest cluster found anywhere else in the region and they seem to take on a life of their own.More
#5
Göreme (Goreme)

Göreme (Goreme)

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This unique town, located in the heart of Turkey, is an excellent jumping off point to some of Cappadocia’s most fantastic attractions. From the fairy chimneys in Göreme National Park and the Rock Sites of Cappadocia to the incredible cave churches at the Göreme Open-Air Museum, this region offers a variety of stunning sights.More
#6
Goreme Open-Air Museum

Goreme Open-Air Museum

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Perhaps one of the most recognizable attractions in Cappadocia, Turkey, the unusual edifices at the Göreme Open-Air Museum (Göreme Açık Hava Müzesi) are an important part of monastic history. A popular Byzantine settlement in the fourth century, the cave churches found at Göreme were carved out of soft volcanic cliffs.More
#7
Derinkuyu Underground City

Derinkuyu Underground City

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The most thoroughly excavated of Cappadocia’s many underground cities, Derinkuyu spans an impressive eight floors, reaching depths of over 280 feet (85 meters). The subterranean labyrinth of cave rooms and tunnels is fed by a remarkable ventilation system and provides fascinating insight into Cappadocia’s troglodyte history.More
#8
Kaymakli Underground City

Kaymakli Underground City

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Cappadocia’s underground cities—vast multistory complexes carved into the region’s famous volcanic rock—are among the most impressive underground dwellings in the world. Kaymakli Underground City is one of the most visited, with eight floors reaching depths of 262 feet (80 meters) and a history dating back to the eighth century BC.More
#9
Zelve Open-Air Museum

Zelve Open-Air Museum

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The Zelve Open-­Air Museum sits on site of the remains of a Byzantine monastery that was carved into the rock face in ancient times. Zelve was a monastic retreat from the 9th to the 13th century, and in fact the area was inhabited right up until 1952. 15 years after locals abandoned the site, Zelve was turned into the open-­air museum that can be seen and explored today.The site features various remnants of local life, including houses, a tunnel joining two of the valleys, a mill, and a small mosque. Beyond the mill, the Balıklı Kilise (Fish Church) can be found, while the impressive Üzümlü Kilise (Grape Church) adjoins it.The three valleys of Zelve are a great spot for trekking around and exploring in peace, as it isn’t as popular with tourists as the Göreme Open­-Air Museum nearby. The site also has a good walking trail looping around the valleys, giving access to various caves and chambers and featuring dramatic crags and pinnacles along the way.More
#10
Monks Valley (Pasabag Vadisi)

Monks Valley (Pasabag Vadisi)

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Monks Valley (Paşabağ Vadisi) in Cappadocia is famous for its perfect fairy chimneys, sculpted from ancient lava, ash, and basalt. Often known as Pasabag, Monks Valley is famous for its opportunities to hike among the boulders and into the hills that ring the area. If you just want to relax, in the small village by the road there are stalls serving hot spiced wine in winter, and freshly-squeezed juices in summer. There are also a few cafes where you can grab a bite to eat, and stores selling Cappadocia textiles and artwork.Monks Valley was once home to hermetic monks who sheltered in the smaller cones atop the upper sections of the fairy chimneys. There was once a Simeon monks’ hermitage here too, and today you can still see the chapel dedicated to Saint Simeon who, fed up with all the attention he was getting in 5th century Aleppo when word got around that he could perform miracles, hightailed it to the top of the highest fairy chimney he could find, and only descended in order to receive food and drink from his disciples.More

Top activities in Cappadocia

1-hour Hot Air Balloon Flight Over the Fairy Chimneys in Cappadocia
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Cappadocia Balloon Tour

Cappadocia Balloon Tour

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Turkey's Wonders - Pamukkale, Ephesus, Cappadocia Travel from-to Istanbul

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Cappadocia Hot Air Balloon Flight
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Quad Safari through Rose Sword and Love Valleys

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Quad Safari through Rose Sword and Love Valleys

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Cappadocia Green Tour - Semi Private by Gorgeous Tour

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Cappadocia Green Tour - Semi Private by Gorgeous Tour

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