Situated in the southern Peloponnese, the port city of Gythio is the largest and most important city in the region (with a population of just under 8,000). It is also one of the most pleasant. Gythio’s long history has been, shall we say, seismic. Originally the main seaport of Sparta (which is located roughly 25 miles to the north), the majority of the port was completely destroyed in a massive earthquake in the 4th century. Sizable portions of the ruins of ancient Gythio are submerged in the Laconian Gulf. Since that time is has gone through intermittent periods of growth and almost total abandonment.
Today, Gythio features a much more modest port, with ferries servicing the island of Kythira daily and Crete twice a week.
Photo courtesy of Charles Nadeau via Flickr.