Officially known as the National Museum of Ukrainian Architecture and Culture, the Pirogovo Open Air Museum is the largest open air museum in Europe. Covering 1.3 million square meters, it reproduces the traditional ways of living in different regions of Ukraine and is a great way to understand the way Ukrainians lived a hundred years ago. The museum is located just south of Kiev, next to the Holosiyivskiy forest and near the village of Pirogovo. Founded in 1969, it includes examples from all of the historical ethnographical regions of the country, as well from throughout the 16th through 20th centuries. Buildings include windmills and watermills, a traditional sauna, village administration buildings, a church school, a priest’s mansion, cafes, huts and barns. Items on display include agricultural items, household articles, musical instruments, ceramics, clothing and icons.
The museum celebrates religious holidays in a traditional manner thanks to three orthodox churches on the grounds. Each weekend, visitors will find a variety of activities taking place, from markets to crafts classes to traditional Ukrainian singing and dancing.
The open air museum is located south of Kiev and is accessible by bus or trolleybus. Take bus 172 or 173 from the Druzhby Narodiv, Lybidska, Demiyivska, Holosiyivska, Vasylkivska, Vystavkovyi Centre metro stations or take bus 156 from Moskovska Square. You can also take trolleybus 11 from Vystavkovyi Centre. Once inside the museum, you can rent a bike or horse carriage to get around the grounds.