History and Culture of Macau
By Viator, September 2015
Until Portuguese colonist arrived in the sixteenth century, Macau was only a tiny outpost of Chinese refugees fleeing from Mongol invaders. The first Portuguese enclave was founded in 1557, and the area soon became an important trade outpost between China and the Western world. Macau remained under Portuguese colonial control until 1999, when it was given back to China as a Special Administrative Region.
During the four centuries of Portuguese colonialism, Macau was influenced not only by the Chinese and Portuguese, but by Indian and African cultures as well -- mostly carried over by Portuguese traders. Today, Macau is about 95 percent ethnically Chinese, but you’ll also find Portuguese and Macanese people living here.
One of the realms where Macau’s cultural diversity is most evident is in the food. Wander through the Portuguese village of Taipa, and you’ll pass Portuguese restaurants where the owners and a majority of the clientele trace their ancestry to Europe. In the maze of streets hidden behind the giant casinos, Chinese restaurants are the norm. Scattered throughout Macau are eateries serving uniquely Macanese menus. Typical Macanese cuisine blends Portuguese, Chinese and African influences to create dishes you’ll find nowhere else on earth.
If you step away from the glitz and glam of the “Vegas of the East,” you’ll notice this same cultural diversity in the landmarks and architecture. The Ruins of the Church of St Paul have become a symbol of Macau and a tribute to its colonial past. Guia Fort, located on Macau’s highest point, would blend in seamlessly on the Mediterranean coast. In the middle of the colonial architecture of Taipa sits the Taoist A-Ma Temple, the oldest temple in Macau dating back to the fifteenth century.