Pachacamac Ruins

By David J, March 2013

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The temple of Pachacamac is an archaeological site 25 miles southeast of Lima in the Lurín River Valley. Although it was an important Inca site and a major city when the Spanish arrived, Pachacamac had been a ceremonial center for 1000 years before the Inca. When the Inca arrived, the valleys of the Rímac and Lurín harbored a small state called Ichma. The Ichma used Pachacamac primarily as a religious site to worship Pacha Kamaq, their creator god, whose wooden two-faced image can be seen in the museum near the ruins. The Inca absorbed this deity into their pantheon, but considered him a lesser rival of the Incan creator god Viracocha. Pilgrims traveled to visit the temple from all over the region, and its cemetery was considered sacrosanct.

Editor’s Note: This recommendation was taken from our Peru Things to Do blog. Visit the original post to continue reading the full post and to learn more about things to do in Peru.

Photo courtesy of jhessicareia via Flickr

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