Between 1000 and 1600 AD, native Ayampotín, Sanavirones and Comechingones peoples inhabited a series of caves outside of Córdoba, leaving behind one of the most important collections of petroglyphs in Argentina. These cave paintings, carved and painted into the pink rock faces of the caves and mountains near the village of Cerro Colorado, depict animals and human forms, including what appear to be native hunters and Spaniards on horseback.
The ancient artists of Cerro Colorado used a mixture of pigments — ochre, charcoal, chalk, oils and vegetable extracts — to add color to their scenes. Many of the petroglyphs have faded from centuries of erosion, but other, especially the black and white ones, remain visible. A small archaeological museum displays photos and information about the petroglyphs and the native animals they depict.
For the best views of the Cerro Colorado petroglyphs, plan your visit for the early morning when the sun shines on the drawings, lending greater contrast to their pigments.