Built in the 15th century and later fortified by the Ottomans, Smederevo Fortress served as the capital of Serbia during the Middle Ages. Due to its strategic position between the Balkans and Central Europe, it was an important religious and commercial center in its heyday. Modeled after Constantinople Fortress, it provides a nice example of traditional defensive medieval architecture and has been relatively well preserved, suffering no major damage until World War II.
Located southeast of Belgrade, the fortress covers more than 10 hectares in the center of the city of Smederevo, where the Danube River meets the Jezava River. Completely surrounded by water, the fortress features 1.5 kilometers of two-meter thick walls and 25 towers that each stand about 25 meters tall. While only the foundations of the fortress remain in some places, conservation efforts have restored the escarpment along the Danube and a southern wall that is used as a levee. The fortress today is used as a park and often hosts festivals, concerts and other cultural events.
Smederevo is 45 kilometers southeast of Belgrade and buses run regularly between the two cities, leaving from Belgrade’s Lasta station and taking about one hour. The bus station and train station in Smederevo are both within easy walking distance of the fortress. Trains, however, only run between Smederevo and Pozarevac and Lapovo on the Belgrade-Nis line. Guided tours of the fortress can be arranged through the tourist office and last about one hour. Alternatively, you can join a day tour from Belgrade that includes Smederevo and other major sights in the area.