Giant pandas are plump and bear-like, with short round head and tail, 1.2-1.8 meters long head and body, and 10-12 centimeters long tail. Weight 80-120 kg, the maximum weight can reach 180 kg, reared pandas slightly heavier, generally male individuals slightly larger than female. Head and body hair are black and white, but black is not pure black, white is not pure white, but dark brown, white with yellow. The skin of giant pandas is thick and the thickest part can reach 10 mm. Different parts of the body have different skin thickness. The back of the body is thicker than the ventral side, and the outer side is thicker than the inner side. The average thickness of the skin is about 5 mm. The skin is white, elastic and resilient.