Taiwan’s relatively small size makes gaining a comprehensive picture of the Asian island nation a breeze. In one day, you can visit ancient stone temples, national parks, and bustling street food markets. The Taroko Gorge, a 5-million-year-old geographical marvel, verdant Elephant Mountain, and Sun Moon Lake allure nature lovers. The capital, Taipei, and second-largest city, Kaohsiung, house temples, striking skylines, and museums. Incessant grazing is encouraged in Taiwan: Be sure to sample steamed dumplings, oyster omelettes, shrimp rolls, and tofu from ubiquitous food stalls. Time your visit for February to see the Sky Lantern Festival light up the night in Pingxi.