Located at the bottom of Vítkov Hill in the gritty, 19th-century district of Žižkov, the Army Museum Žižkov (Armádní muzeum Žižkov) is one of four museums tended under the auspices of the Military History Institute Prague. Housed in an austere gray building constructed in the 1920s near the dramatic National Liberation Monument — itself completed in 1938 and featuring the biggest equestrian statue in the world — the exhibitions have been transformed several times, according to the political movement holding supremacy in Prague; during WWII the building was occupied by the Gestapo and during the 1950s, many of the displays were reinstalled to reflect Communism ideology.
Today, the museum is divided into three segments from 20th-century Czech history: the events of World War I (1914–18) and the lead up to an independent Czechoslovak Republic; the formation of the Czechoslovak Republic between the world wars; and finally, World War II (1939–45) and the national resistance movement as its heroic members worked to restore the independence of Czechoslovakia from Nazi and Soviet occupation.
A battle-scarred tank guards the entrance to the museum, which is crammed with a wealth of military uniforms, weaponry, platoon banners, medals and models depicting battle scenes. Highlights of the collections include personal artifacts donated by various Czechoslovak presidents and army leaders as well as harrowing images taken in concentrations camps during the Holocaust.
Open Tueday–Sunday 10am–6pm. Admission is free. For transportation, take bus 133, 175 or 207 to U Památníku from Florenc Metro station.