The Voortrekker Monument stands proudly on top of a hill near Pretoria, dedicated to the thousands of Afrikaner settlers of inner South Africa in the mid-1800s. The huge granite monument was built from 1937-1949, and declared a National Heritage Site in 2011. It's 130 feet tall, and inside the structure is the Hall of Heroes. There, the main feature is a marble frieze with 27 panels showing historical moments of that trek into what is now the middle of South Africa.
In the center of the monument is the Cenotaph (an empty tomb) meant to honor all those who died during the difficult journey. There is also a wagon fort made of granite representing the fort of actual wagons assembled during the 1838 Battle of Blood River.
The Voortrekker Monument is just under 6.5 miles from central Pretoria, and it's inside what is a 240 hectare park and nature reserve. Admission is SAR60 for adults, SAR30 for students, SAR 120 for families. The site is open May-August from 8am-5pm, September-April from 8am-6pm.