The Sognefjord in western Norway is the largest in the country and the second deepest in the world, with depths reaching more than 1,000 meters at some points and cliffs rising more than 1,000 meters above the water. Stretching more than 200 kilometers from the coast to the village of Skjolden, the fjord is also the second longest in the world. There are several interesting stops for tourists along the fjord, including Jostedalsbreen, the largest glacier in mainland Europe and the Naeroyfjord, a branch of the Sognefjord that shrinks to only 300 meters across at its narrowest point. The latter is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is known for its incredibly dramatic scenery. Notable villages include Gudvangen, which sits on the Naeroyfjord, and Flam, which is an endpoint of the Flam Railway, which climbs more than 800 meters up to Myrdal in just 20 kilometers, making it the steepest unassisted railway climb in the world. Near the innermost point of the Sognefjord are three of Norway’s famous wooden stave churches, found in the villages of Kaupanger, Urnes and Borgund.
The closest international airport to the Sognefjord is in Bergen and a high-speed catamaran service runs several times a day from Bergen to Floro, near the mouth of the fjord. Traveling around the fjord is best done by boat as well, with three main ferry crossings across the fjord. Visitors can also take the train to Flam from Myrdal, which connects to Oslo, or catch a bus from towns such as Lillehammer, Oslo, Bergen, Alesund and Trondheim. Booking a single or multi-day tour from Bergen or Oslo is a great option as well.