Meet a driver/guide at your cruise ship or hotel in Izmir, then begin the 66-mile (106-km) trip to Bergama, the modern-day city that’s the site of the Pergamum ruins.
Upon arrival at the archeological site, visit the highlights of the ruins, many of which date back to the time of King Eumenes II, an Attalid ruler in the 2nd-century BC. See the Library of Pergamum that once held 200,000 books, a hillside theater with spectacular views, and the Altar of Zeus, where carved reliefs illustrate the battles between ancient gods and giants.
You’ll have time to visit the three main areas of the ancient city: the acropolis, where people gathered for social and cultural events, the Lower City, home of working class people, and the asclepeion, among the earliest known medical centers.
Following the guided tour of the Pergamum ruins, visit a local gallery with Turkish carpets, ceramics, and silver, and learn about the production of traditional handicrafts. This 7-hour tour concludes with return transfer to Izmir, and drop-off at your hotel or port.