Located in the center of Bucharest, the Romanian Peasant Museum (Muzeul National al Taranului Roman) is one of the leading museums in Europe dedicated to popular arts and traditions. Named the European Museum of the Year in 1996, it boasts a collection of more than 100,000 objects, including textiles, costumes, religious icons, handpainted Easter eggs, terra cotta pottery and other items telling the story of life in the Romanian countryside over four centuries.The museum was originally founded in 1906, but during Communist times, the building houses a museum of the Communist party instead. It reopened as the Museum of the Romanian Peasant after the fall of Nicolae Ceausescu, but the basement still contains remnants of the Communist museum.
The museum’s red brick building dates back to 1912 and features traditional Romanian architecture, including large windows under the arches and a main tower that is reminiscent of old bell towers. Considered one of the most enjoyable museums in Bucharest, it was expanded significantly in 2002. Visitors can buy replicas of many of the items on display from the museum gift shop.
The museum is located near Piata Victoriei, next to the Grigor Antipa Natural History Museum and the Geology Museum. It is accessible from the Piata Victoriei Metro station. English language descriptions are limited to small placards, but audioguides are available in English, as well as German, French and Romanian. The cost for an audioguide is 12 Romanian lei.