Siena, like other Tuscan hill towns, was first time in the time of the Etruscans and surrounded by the Middle Ages, and was competed with the Florence for regional supremacy.Today it remains one of Italy's most enchanting medieval towns, with an exceptional Gothic cathedral and a main square, Il Campo, included in the UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is also famous for the Palio, a famous horse race held twice a year. San Gimignano is best known for its tall towers. In the middle ages, this city boasted 72 towers, and now only 15 remain.These towers were private fortified private homes, which were necessary for people to lock themselves up inside and retreat to the top during political uprising.The town flourished in the 13th -14th centuries with a local wine, wine, and saffron.The local white grape used in the local wine, San Gimignano vernaccia, has been growing here since the early 13th century. Saffron, besides being a good flavor for cloth.