Soviet history comes alive in Moscow, once the capital of the Soviet Union and the region’s heart for hundreds of years. Here’s what you need to know about uncovering the city’s Soviet past in various Moscow history tours.
Learn about the space race with a visit to the Museum of Cosmonautics, located at the base of a monument to the Conquerors of Space, followed by a stop at VDNKh, or the Exhibition of Achievements of National Economy. A longer tour may include a stop at the Mosquarium, the largest aquarium in Europe.
Cold War Tours
Join a fascinating tour that provides insight into how World War II (known as the Great Patriotic War in Russia) affected the Soviet Union. Travel by Metro to visit the Museum of the Great Patriotic War, the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in Alexander Garden, and a monument to the head of the Soviet Army. If you’re feeling adventurous, take a tour of Bunker 42, a former secret Soviet bunker located below the streets of Moscow that now serves as a museum to the Cold War.
Take an evening city tour and stroll around notable buildings and squares including a memorial to Soviet labor camp prisoners, Revolution Square, Lubyanka Square, and the former KGB headquarters. You might also take a tour to Lenin's Mausoleum or of the Kremlin and Red Square.
Soviet Life Tours
Take a private tour to get a taste of life in Soviet Moscow. Travel by the Moscow Metro to historic sites such as VDNKh, the Central Moscow Library, the Christ the Savior Cathedral, Red Square, and the famous GUM department store, then join your tour guide for lunch or dinner at the notable Stolovka 54 diner. Alternatively, take a late-night Metro and Stalin skyscrapers tour to enjoy the beauty of Moscow's metro stations and other Soviet era architecture without the crowds.