Set off the toe of Italy’s southern boot, Sicily is the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, offering travelers plenty of opportunities to get out and play. From land to sea, here are a few outdoor adventures to add to your Sicilian itinerary.
Great beaches abound in Sicily, so you won't have any trouble finding a sandy spot to cool down during a heat wave. Spend a day swimming and you'll fit right in with the crowds of Italians doing the exact same thing, or, to get a bit more active, head out on a boat tour for a day of snorkeling or exploring the many islands that surround Sicily. Divers of all experience levels can enjoy the scenery below the surface around the spectacular Isola Bella, and travelers can even learn how to catch the fish seen on Sicilian menus.
The most dominant feature of Sicily's landscape, the Mt. Etna volcano provides visitors with the chance to work up a sweat. Guided hikes allow for safe exploration, while 4x4 vehicle tours and independent quad vehicle excursions kick things up a notch. You can also check out some of the rugged geography created by the volcano with a hike through—or canyoning adventure in—the nearby Alcantara Gorges, where you can don a headlamp and climb down into one of the lava flow caves for an otherworldly, underground experience. If you're looking to experience Sicily's cities, opt for a biking or walking tour of Catania.
Mt Etna not only offers the chance to go mountain climbing but also provides the area with rich soil, as evidenced in the many vineyards and orchards surrounding the volcano, where you can get a better idea of the meaning of Sicilian agriculture and viticulture with a food or wine tour. For history, opt to walk through the ruins of ancient Greek temples with a visit to the Valley of the Temples near Agrigento. Other well-preserved Greek ruins are in Segesta and near Syracuse, so you can make a circuit of the island in search of ancient Greece.