Located in the Central Anatolia region of Turkey (officially the Republic of Türkiye), Cappadocia is a destination like no other. In Göreme, ancient volcanic rock formations known as fairy chimneys grace the moon-like landscape. Hundreds of hot-air balloons take flight daily, allowing visitors to admire this otherworldly panorama from about 1,000 feet (305 meters). For an unforgettable experience, book a hot-air balloon ride at sunrise that includes a Champagne brunch upon landing. For more incredible views, head to the Ihlara Valley, which is home to a massive canyon along with some of the region's best hikes. In addition to its uncommon landscape, Cappadocia also offers fascinating history and culture that are best appreciated on guided tours of the region. Explore the ancient cave churches—used by monks at the end of the first millennium—that dot Rose Valley, then wander through the deserted rock village of Old Çavuşin, which rests silently nearby. A visit to Ortahisar, where an imposing Byzantine castle towers over the town, completes your tour of cave buildings. Many visitors will want to tour the Kaymakli or Derinkuyu underground city networks, which once provided shelter for religious refugees. For those who love to shop, the riverside town of Avanos is famed for its earthenware pottery, a historic trade that continues to thrive among the cobbled streets of the old town.