Matera it’s one of the oldest towns in the world, having been continuously inhabited since the Neolithic age. That’s roughly 7,000 years!! In the 1950s Matera was a town forgotten by the Italian government. Eventually it was coerced into doing something about the people who lived here in appalling conditions, and built a new town nearby before moving the whole town out of their prehistoric cave dwellings. Alberobello, in the region of Puglia in Southern Italy, is a strange and picturesque destination, which is becoming an important travel itinerarie. The small town has been included in the UNESCO World Heritage site for its unusual districts of trulli, the characteristic white-washed conical-roofed houses of the area. Looking like igloos, constructed out of pure stone, the beehive-shape structures, have origins that dates back to the 15th century and maybe older. The trulli, found nowhere else in the world, are built of local limestone.