Königsplatz was initially built to serve the urban notions of King Ludwig I, who wished to integrate culture, administration, Christianity and Bavarian military in one massive green space. The king opted for a European Neoclassic style based on the Acropolis in Athens. He even had two museums built in the same style; first was the Glyptothek, where he could house his sprawling collection of Greek and Roman sculptures, and second, the Bavarian State Collection of Antiques, which contains Greek, Etruscan and Roman artifacts. King Ludwig I also commissioned the Propylaea, an imposing and austere gate which served as a memorial to his son, the Bavarian prince Otto of Greece.
Despite this architectural and urban prowess, the square is now infamous for being the place where the Nazi party held marches and mass rallies during the Holocaust. In fact, the national headquarters of the Nazi party, the Brown House, was located on Brienner Straße just off the square.
Famous for his delicate and anatomically precise etchings, woodcuts and prints, Albrecht Dürer was a Northern Renaissance artist who lived all his life in Nuremberg between 1471 and 1528. During the 15th and 16th centuries, the city became one of Germany’s most successful commercial centers and also the focus of a great artistic flowering. Dürer was at the heart of this creative movement, visiting the great Renaissance cities of Italy, regularly attending courts of European royalty and revolutionizing printmaking. His iconic works include The Apocalypse, a number of self-portraits, books on the human anatomy and many sublime animal prints as well as friezes for civic halls in Nuremberg and altar pieces in Prague.
The Albrecht Dürer House is a fachwerkhaus, a half-timbered townhouse with a steep wooden roof and of an architectural style seen all over Bavaria.
The Bavarian State Opera is one of the world’s leading opera houses, with over 400 performances and 600,000 visitors yearly. Its history spans over three centuries and helped shape Munich as we know it today, a culture-savvy metropolis with unparalleled elegance and flair. Thanks to a controversial yet deep friendship with King Ludwig II, Richard Wagner himself premiered many of his music dramas (including The Valkyrie, The Master-Singers of Nuremberg, The Fairies, The Rhinegold, and Tristan and Isolde) at the Bavarian State Opera, which at the time – and arguably still is to this day – was considered the limelight of music in Europe. Nowadays, over 30 different operas, recitals, ballets, and concerts are staged every season in the splendid original Rococo Cuvilliés-Theater, the largest of its kind in Germany and perhaps the most spectacular in all of Europe. This is also where the Munich Opera Festival, the most important and acclaimed opera festival in the world, takes places.
Housed in a futuristic mirrored building as fashion-forward as its cars, automobile pioneers BMW take the spotlight at Munich’s BMW Museum, located at the company headquarters near Olympic Park. Whether you’re an auto enthusiast or just looking to get your photo taken beside a slick sports car, you can’t fail to be impressed by the museum’s vast display of cars and motorcycles.
Everything from vintage Rolls-Royce Motors and classic MINIs to recent models like the BMW 850, are showcased in the adjourning BMW Welt – the bowl-like side building that houses the museum’s extensive car collection. Highlights include a 1928 Dixie car, the BMW 328 that won the historic Italian Mille Magalia race in 1940 and a rare 1974 BMW 3.0 CSL ‘Batmobile’.
In the museum itself, BMW devotees get an insight into the company’s evolution, with a series of interactive exhibitions detailing the history of the brand and chronicling their 90 years of automobile design and production.
Oktoberfest is possibly the world’s most famous beer festival, taking place in fall in Munich, Germany. Around one million partygoers pour into the city between mid-September and the first Sunday in October for 2.5 weeks of serious carousing and drinking; the epicenter of the merrymaking is Theresienwiese (‘Wiesn’ for short) festival ground just to the west of the Altstadt (Old Town). Here local Bavarian breweries sponsor 14 gaily decorated tents – each accommodating up to 6,000 beery revelers – with their own theme and local beer to sample in one-liter (2.2-pint) glass steins. As the hours pass by, the vibe ramps up and singing and dancing become the order of the day.
But Oktoberfest is not just for drinkers; there are fairgrounds for kids, costumed parades through the streets, an abundance of Bavarian folk costumes – dirndl skirts and leather shorts – to be admired, brass-band concerts and horse-and-trap rides.
With a 400-year history of beer brewing and famously one of the six breweries that provide beer for Oktoberfest, the Paulaner Brewery is a clear contender for the title of Munich’s top brewery. The origins of the Paulaner Brewery date back to 1634, started by the Paulaner monks of Kloster Neudeck ob der Au, and it remains one of Munich’s biggest traditional breweries, producing some 2 million hectoliters each year and exporting beer to over 70 countries around the world.
Today, beer lovers can also enjoy tours of the historic brewery, viewing the malting towers, brewhouse, fermenting tanks, beer cellars and wells, and learning all about the legendary Bavarian Purity Law and how it guarantees the quality and taste of the beers. Visitors can also enjoy a beer tasting or extend their visit at the neighboring Paulaner Bräuhaus beer garden.
記念博物館では午前11時30分、午後2時、そして午後3時30分にダッハウ収容所についてのドキュメンタリー映画が英語で流されます。「囚人の道（Path of the Prisoners）」という展示では強制収容所に収容されていた人々の生活が浮き彫りにされています。胸が締め付けられるようなツアーであると同時に、参加者に大きな感動を与え、ホロコーストについて深く学ぶことが出来るツアーです。
With soaring mountain peaks, vast lakes and forested slopes punctuated by enchanting castles and traditional alpine villages, the Bavarian Alps offer some of Germany’s most spectacular scenery. Stretching along the Austrian border, the Alps dominate the landscape of Southern Germany and a trip into the mountains is simply inevitable for anyone exploring Bavaria.
Highlights of the Bavarian Alps include Füssen, a lively town at the start of the famous Romantic Road tourist trail; the historic village of Oberammergau, where the world-renowned Passion Play is held each decade; the German Alpine Road, a scenic tourist trail running from Lake Constance to Berchtesgaden; and many of Ludwig II’s most celebrated castles, including the fairytale-inspired Neuschwanstein.
The Königssee Valley lies in the Bavarian Alps and its lake forms part of the Berchtesgaden National Park. At five miles (7.5 km) long and just 1.5 miles (1.7 km) wide wide, the serene, crystal-clear waters of the lake are the deepest in Germany. Königssee is encircled by lush Alpine valleys and snow-capped mountains – the highest of these is Mount Watzmann, which towers over the lake at 5,900 ft (1,800 m). The picture-perfect Alpine village of Schönau am Königssee sits at the head of the lake and in summer hundreds of day trippers pour in daily. The lake is popular for swimming in the pristine Alpine waters or pottering around in electric boats. The most popular lake tour is to the squat, rotund pilgrimage chapel of St Bartholomew, topped with dark-red onion domes and standing on a little promontory lapped by water. Next-door is the former hunting lodge of the Bavarian kings, now the quality restaurant Fischerstüberl and a lovely spot for eating lunch looking over the lake.
ロマンティック街道は、美しい村、中世都市や白が点在する街道です。この美しい地域からは、ドイツの典型的な風景や文化が垣間見れます。中世に交易ルートとして使用されたこの街道は、今日まだ中世の雰囲気や特色が残る道です。 ネッカー川岸沿いにある最古の大学街であるハイデルベルクは、ドイツの最も美しい歴史的ランドマークの一つでもあるハイデルベル城などが散策できます。 リンダーホーフ城を訪問したり、ホーエンシュヴァンガウに到着する前に、少しオーバーアマーガウでショッピングしたり。ボーデア・ウント・ヒンターホーエンシュヴァンガウの遺跡に建てられた、おとぎの国の世界の城、ノイシュヴァンシュタイン城を訪問してみてはどうでしょう。
Fraueninsel is an island outside of Munich in the Bavarian region of Germany. It sits in Chiemsee, the largest lake in Bavaria, along with another island called Herreninsel. On Herreninsel visitors can see the Royal Castle of Herrenchiemsee, built by Ludwig II as a replica of the Palace of Versailles. On Fraueninsel there is a Benedictine church and monastery which covers about one third of the island. Though the church has existed since 782, the complex you see today was rebuilt in the 1700s. The island is one of the oldest cultural sites in the area. It is a popular place for tourists to visit due to its natural beauty and the surrounding landscape of the Alps.
A small community of artists, crafts people, and fishermen live on the island, making it a unique place to visit throughout the year. In late November and early December, visitors come to experience the Christmas market.