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St Petersburg bezienswaardigheden

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State Hermitage Museum
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720 Tours en activiteiten

The State Hermitage (Государственный Эрмитаж) is one of the largest and oldest art and cultural museums in the world. The museum was originally built privately under the orders of Catherine the Great, housing her ever-growing collection; however, in 1852, the doors were opened to the public, since acquiring enough art to fill its six magnificent buildings residing along the Neva embankment and near the Winter Palace.

The museum displays an array of work, with pieces that exhibit the development of world art from the beginning of recorded history through modern day. The museum shows perhaps the most impressive displays of primitive art, archaeology and cultural pieces, as well as work from the Soviet era.

There are also large Western European art exhibits that feature sculptures, applied arts and paintings from the 13th century onward, as well as Egyptian antiquities that bring the life and culture of ancient Mesopotamia to life.

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Admiralty Building
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52 Tours en activiteiten

De Admiraliteit is een van de oudste gebouwen van Sint-Petersburg. Het werd gebouwd door Peter de Grote en deed in eerste instantie dienst als scheepswerf. Hier huisde ooit het Admiraliteitsbestuur, dat verantwoordelijk was voor de scheepsbouw en uiteindelijk onderdeel werd van het ministerie van marine. Sommige delen zijn gebouwd in de 18de eeuw, anderen in de eeuw erna.

Helaas kunnen bezoekers tegenwoordig het gebouw niet meer in originele staat zien. Er werden namelijk veel beelden verwoest in 1860, toen de orthodoxe kerk deze heidens verklaarde. Het gebouw werd ook beschadigd tijdens de blokkade van Leningrad en werd aangevallen door de Duitsers in de Tweede Wereldoorlog. De Admiraliteit heeft nog altijd veel beelden en reliëfs in de collectie. Ook staat er een gouden pilaar van ruim 70 meter met een weervaan in de top. Deze heeft de vorm van een klein schip en de pilaar is een van de meest toonaangevende bezienswaardigheden van de stad. Het origineel staat in het Maritieme Museum, dus wat u buiten ziet is een replica.

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Catherine Palace and Park
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178
351 Tours en activiteiten

Catherine Palace (Екатеринский дворец) is one of Russia’s former imperial palaces and summer residence to its tsar’s built on the orders of Catherine I. Now a museum, the baroque style palace has a neoclassical interior that exemplifies Russian wealth and extravagance.

The palace is best known for the grand suit Golden Enfilade (анфилад), which was designed by Bartolomeo Rastrelli, containing the ballroom known as the Grand Hall or Hall of Lights, and Art Galleries (Большому залу и Картинной галерее); with an immaculate ceiling painting, and sprawls out with distinctively decorated smaller rooms.

Outside the palace is the divine Catherine Park (Екатеринский парк), comprised of 2 parts including the old garden and English Park (Английского парка).

Designed by master Dutch gardeners Jan Roosen and Johan Vocht during the 18th century, the garden contains various elements including the Vangaza stream, which flows down to the Upper and Mill ponds.

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Peterhof State Museum-Reserve (Muzeya-Zapovednika Peterhof)
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538 Tours en activiteiten

Petrhof (Петерго́ф) or “Peter’s yard” is considered the fountain capital of the world and is in the eyes of any visitor, an absolute gem of environs in St. Petersburg. Consisting of 64 fountains, 255 sculptures not to mention the Grand Palace (Большой дворец), and other historic palaces Monplaisir (Монплезир) and Marly (Дворец Марли), as well as the pavilion known as Hermitage (Дворец Марли).

In the upper garden resides the Fountain of Neptune (Фонтан Нептун), cast in lead with a majestic portrait of Neptune on a pedestal as well as horses and dolphins.).

The lower park spans over 102 ha contains the famous monplaisir Palace located in the eastern part of the park, and was considered the favorite of Peter I. The lower park also houses Catherine’s body (Екатерининский корпус), built by Rastrelli and containing 2 buildings connected by a gallery.).

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St. Petersburg Cruise Port
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6 Tours en activiteiten

St Petersburg was founded by Peter the Great in the 1700s to serve as a window to the west. With its imperial history and magnificent architecture, it is often considered one of the most beautiful cities in Russia. The Port of St Petersburg is the largest port in northwest Russia and serves as the primary gateway between Russia and the Baltic Sea. It is one of the world’s most popular cruise destinations. Ships docking in St Petersburg do so in the heart of the city, at Vasilevsky Island.

If you arrive in St. Petersburg on a cruise, you will likely head into the city center as part of an organized shore excursion and as part of a group visa. Once you are in the heart of St Petersburg, most major attractions are within walking distance of each other, but that doesn’t mean seeing everything will be easy – you will likely have to pick and choose based on your interests.

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