Laid out by the Australian government in 1998 to mark the 80th anniversary of the Battle of Hamel, the Australian Memorial commemorates the 100,000 Australians who served in the Australian Corps in France during World War I. The Allies were having a rather difficult time fighting the German troops, and General Sir John Monash, Commander of the Australian Corps, was convinced that the element of surprise and a combination of several arms was their only hope at winning this bloody battle. In the wee hours of July 4, he successfully carried out a three-mile-wide attack joining infantry, tanks, artillery and air support in just 90 minutes. The Australian troops remained in this area for another five weeks, preparing the launch of the next Allied operation that would push German troops even further east and mark the beginning of the end of World War I.
The trenches used during the Battle of Hamel were left in place after the war and have since been incorporated into the memorial site to honor the memory of those who fought here. The memorial itself covers three blocks of curved granite set in a semi-circle, with the Australian Forces badge on the center block. A speech by Georges Clémenceau is inscribed on the left and right blocks, celebrating the Australian implication in the taking of Hamel.