A Zapotec ceremonial center, Monte Albán crouches on a leveled mountain top. For a thousand years, the rulers of the city extracted wealth from the plains below. Today, the ruins offer panoramic views of the modern city of Oaxaca sprawling across the giant Oaxaca valley.
Monte Albán is the oldest city in the Americas. In addition to being unusually ancient (dating back to 500 BC), the site is unusually extensive. In its heyday, the city covered 25 square miles. Expanses of Monte Albán aren’t yet excavated, but it’s unlikely that you’ll be able to explore all the restored tombs and temples in one afternoon; the ruins encompass enormous plazas, a ball court, a mysterious monument known as the observatory, a network of underground tunnels, and a profusion of dank tombs, which were once decorated with bright frescoes and filled with treasures of gold and jade.
A relatively small Mixtec/Zapotec ruin, Mitla is notable for the detailed and well-preserved geometric stonework that decorates the buildings. The setting is pretty, with a cactus garden and shaded benches. From the ruins you can see the domed Church of San Pablo, built in the 16th century when the Spanish pillaged stones from Mitla. At the gates to the ruins, a small artesanía (folk art) market is home to aggressively competitive vendors, a situation that can yield great deals. Outside the gates, a clean and efficient comedor (diner) serves authentic Oaxacan specialties.
The name Mitla comes from the Náhuatl word Mictlan, which means place of the dead or underworld. An ancient ceremonial center, Mitla includes two cross-shaped tombs, a promenade of hefty stone columns, and an elevated suite of ornately-decorated rooms that were once occupied by the Zapotec high priest. Although theories on the subject differ, Mitla was likely built by the Zapotecs.
A tree so fat it seems to strain against the confines of the surrounding square, the Árbol del Tule is at least 2000 years old, which makes it one of the world’s oldest living entities. El Tule is a Montezuma bald cypress (Taxodium mucrunatum), a tree the Aztecs cultivated as an ornamental and a source of medicine. Hoary yet flourishing, the giant has a mesmerizing quality: The bark is so thick and gnarled that various growths have nicknames, including “the pineapple,” “the elephant,” and “Carlos Salinas’s ears” (a reference to former president Carlos Salinas de Gortari).
El Tule is located in the village of Santa María del Tule, 13 km east of the capital. The square surrounding the tree features souvenir shops, snack stands, and the usual army of roving vendors.
Benito Juárez is a big deal in Mexico, and nowhere more so than in his hometown of Oaxaca de Juárez. The Casa de Juárez museum pays homage to the great reform president, and showcases some of the artifacts from his extraordinary journey: Born to Zapotec parents and orphaned as a child, Juarez walked from his home village of Guelatao to the city of Oaxaca, where he was taken in by a bookbinder named Antonio de Salanueva. The Museo Casa de Juárez is located in Salanueva’s former home, where Juarez lived from 1819 to 1834. In addition to information about Juarez’s later life, including his periods of exile and his fight for the separation of church and state, the museum’s displays include the preserved bookbinding shop and other furnished rooms that offer a window into Juarez’s early years in Oaxaca.
Abastos Market is located in Oaxaca, Mexico, and is one of the largest markets in the country and by far the largest --and oldest -- in the city of Oaxaca. Its official name is Central de Abastos, meaning the central place of supplies and that name holds true as you can find just about everything at this massive outdoor marketplace in Oaxaca.
A popular souvenir to get while at Abastos is the green and black pottery Oaxaca is known for. You can also find luxury brand knock-offs, homeware, rugs, jewelry, auto parts, produce and food...so much food. The list goes on and on. Basically, if it's grown or produced in Mexico, chances are you'll be able to find it at Abastos Market.
At the stalls you'll encounter hanging pieces of meat, strings of garlic, local candy, bugs, exotic fruit, spices and much more. One top food product to find at the market is chili ranging from whole to paste and mild to spicy.
Ting å gjøre i nærheten av Oaxaca
- Ting å gjøre i Puerto Escondido
- Ting å gjøre i Guerrero
- Ting å gjøre i Sentrale Mexico
- Ting å gjøre i Western Highlands
- Ting å gjøre i Acapulco
- Ting å gjøre i Taxco
- Ting å gjøre i Mexico City
- Ting å gjøre i Quetzaltenango
- Ting å gjøre i San Pedro La Laguna
- Ting å gjøre i Central Highlands
- Ting å gjøre i Pacific Highlands
- Ting å gjøre i Petén
- Ting å gjøre i Jalisco
- Ting å gjøre i Les Cayes
- Ting å gjøre i Riviera Maya og Yucatán