The Neues Museum was built in the mid-1800s and was heavily damaged during World War II. Restoration work beginning in 2005 carefully preserved the facade and interior, while incorporating damage from war into the design, rather than covering it up. The museum opened its doors to the public again in 2009.
The Egyptian collection includes displays covering more than 4,000 years of ancient Egyptian and Nubian cultures. There are exhibits on the history of the collection and Egyptology itself, portraits of kings and the Berlin Green Head, which illustrates how sculpture progressed as an art form. Three chambers contain offerings dating from the Old Kingdom, as well as displays of tomb architecture and relief art. There is also an Egyptian library of antiquity and a section depicting ancient everyday life, the afterlife and the cult of the gods.
The prehistory and early history collection has 6,000 exhibits of archaeological finds from Europe and parts of Asia, illustrating the life and cultural history of these regions from the Stone Age up to the Middle Ages. Other sections of the museum cover 19th-century paintings of Nordic mythology, artifacts from Troy and Cyprus, archaeology of Rome and many other artifacts from various eras throughout history.