Begin your small-group tour near the Solovetsky Stone, a memorial situated in Lubyanka Square in central Moscow.
Learn how the plain slab of stone stands in honor of the millions of victims of political persecution during the time of the Soviet Union. The massive boulder was brought here in 1990 from Solovki, one of the many labor camps run by the Stalinist regime of the 1930s.
As you stand here, gaze out at the building that once served as the headquarters of the Soviet KGB, and hear how it now houses a branch of the Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation (FSB), Russia’s current security agency.
Next, follow your guide to Revolution Square, the scene of hard-fought battles during the 1917 Russian Revolution. Feel the sense of history here, and learn about other chapters of the Soviet past, including Stalin’s Great Purges between 1934 and 1939, the KGB prisons, the tense stand-off of the Cold War and the Soviet Movement for Freedom.
In between walking and talking, view a string of important buildings such as the Bolshoi Theater, the Revolution Museum and the Gulag Museum, whose exhibitions chronicle the terrifying labor camps known as ‘gulags’ that were run by Stalin’s iron-fisted regime and where more than 14 million prisoners were confined between 1929 and 1953.
Stroll along bustling Tverskaya Street, the city’s main thoroughfare, and see the Sluzhebny Vhod café and Eliseevsky Gastronum grocery store — both throwbacks to the days of communism.
After around two hours, your tour finishes at Pushkinskaya Square.